Skip to Content

Bird Vocabulary and Parts of a Bird

Sharing is caring!

Birds are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterized by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton. In this lesson, we’ll learn bird vocabulary and different parts of a bird in English.

Bird Vocabulary

Here’s a list of bird vocabulary in English.

  • Sparrow
  • Finch
  • Blue Jay
  • Woodpecker
  • Robin
  • Eagle
  • Hawk
  • Owl
  • Pigeon
  • Goose
  • Duck
  • Swan
  • Osprey
  • Condor
  • Vulture
  • Seagull
  • Pelican
  • Albatross
  • Warbler
  • Tanager
  • Wren
  • Nuthatch
  • Hummingbird
  • Raven
  • Cuckoo
  • Oriole
  • Grosbeak
  • Swallow
  • Martin
  • Thrush
  • Blackbird
  • Grackle
  • Stork
  • Heron
  • Ibis
  • Egret
  • Flamingo
  • Sparrowhawk
  • Kestrel
  • Puffin
  • Bittern
  • Kingfisher
  • Falcon
  • Lark
  • Swifts
  • Tern
  • Gull
  • Sandpiper
  • Plover
  • Snipe
  • Skua
  • Guillemot
  • Puffin
  • Cormorant
  • Goose,
  • Bald eagle
  • peacock
  • Pheasant
  • Sparrow
  • parrot
  • crane
  • Pelican
  • Rhea
  • Coot
  • Stork
  • Ostrich
  • Quail
  • Sparrow
  • Toucan
  • Turkey
  • Wild duck
  • Woodcock
  • Woodpecker
  • Wren
  • Sparrow
  • Starling
  • Swift
  • Tanager
  • Tern
  • Thrush
  • Titmouse
  • Turkey
  • Vulture
  • Warbler
  • Waterhen
  • Woodcock
  • Woodpecker
  • Wren
  • Yellowhammer
  • Yellowlegs
  • Yellowthroat
  • Yellow Warbler
  • Yuhina
  • Zebra finch
  • Black-capped chickadee
  • Black-throated sparrow
  • Black-crowned night heron
  • Black-necked stilt
  • Black-tailed godwit
  • Blackbird

Bird Vocabulary and Parts of a Bird

Some birds are associated with the water, such as the duck, goose, swan, and seagull.

Different Parts of a Bird

Here is a list of different parts of a Bird in English.

  • Beak or bill: the hard, pointed, or hooked structure at the front of a bird’s head used for eating and manipulating food.
  • Cere: the fleshy, waxy, or feathery area above a bird’s beak, which surrounds the nostrils.
  • Crest: a tuft of feathers on the head of some birds.
  • Eye: the organ of sight located on the head of a bird, which is responsible for vision.
  • Feathers: the specialized structures on a bird’s body that provide insulation, and waterproofing, and enable flight.
  • Feet and legs: the structures at the bottom of a bird’s body used for perching, walking, and grasping prey.
  • Wings: the structures on the sides of a bird’s body used for flight.
  • Tail: the feathers at the rear of a bird’s body used for stabilization during flight.
  • Nostrils: the openings in the beak used for breathing.
  • Tongue: a muscle located in the beak used for manipulating food.
  • Claws: the sharp, curved structures at the end of a bird’s toes used for grasping and perching.
  • Keel: the central ridge of the breastbone (sternum)
  • Air sacs: the lungs of birds, which are connected to the bones and muscles to help with respiration and buoyancy during flight.
  • Gizzard: a muscular stomach that grinds food using small stones.
  • Larynx: a vocal organ that produces the bird’s calls and songs.
  • Syrinx: a vocal organ located at the base of the trachea that produces a wide range of sounds in some species of birds.
  • Ovary and testes: the reproductive organs in birds that produce eggs and sperm.
  • Crop: an enlarged part of the esophagus that serves as a food storage area.
  • Haunches: the thick muscles located at the base of the tail that power the bird’s flight.
  • Pectoral muscles: the large muscles in the chest that power the bird’s wings during flight.

Different Parts of a Bird

  • Bird Vocabulary and Parts of a Bird 1

General Vocabulary about Birds

  • Nests – Nest is a structure built to hold eggs, offspring.
  • Hatch –  egg of birds
  • Bird migration  – Bird migration is the regular seasonal movement, often north and south along a flyway, between breeding and wintering grounds.
  •  A group of birds is called a flock.
  • “Birds of prey” are birds that hunt and eat animals, such as the eagle, hawk, and owl.
  •  A vulture is a type of bird of prey that is known as a scavenger – it eats animals that are already dead.

We have a variety of English words to describe the sounds that birds make:

  • Sing – when birds are making a musical sound
  • Tweet/twitter/cheep/chirp – when birds are making short, high sounds
  • Shriek/cry – a very loud, piercing sound made by a bird
  • Hoot – the deep sound made by an owl
  • Caw – the sound made by a crow (sounds like “AWW! AWW!”)
  • Cluck – the short, low sound that a chicken makes
  • Crow / cock-a-doodle-do – the sound that a rooster makes


Friday 1st of April 2022