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Geographical Use of the Definite Article THE in English

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The definite article THE means this, that. It answers the question which one? It can be used with both singular and plural nouns. A noun is first introduced with the indefinite article and the definite article is used to refer to it again.

We Use the Definite Article THE with

  • Points of compass: the North, the South, the East, and the West    

E.g. The northernmost point on land is Kaffeklubben Island in the North.

  • Unions of countries, statesthe United States of America, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, etc.            

E.g. The Russian Federation is the biggest country in the world.

  • Groups of islandsthe Philippines, the Caribbean, the Canaries, etc.            

E.gThe Bahamas are the richest islands in the world.

  • Seas: the Mediterranean, the Black, the Red, etc.  

E.gThe Dead Sea is the saltiest sea in the world.

  • Gulfsthe Persian gulf, the Finland gulf, etc.    

E.g. The Gulf of Mexico is the largest gulf in the world.

  • Groups of lakesthe Great Lakes, the Shats Lakes, the Vlahini Lakes, etc.          

E.g. The Great Lakes form the largest lake group in the world.

  • Rivers: the Danube, the Dnipro, the Amazon, etc.          

E.gThe Nile is the longest river in the world.

  • Canals and channelsthe English channel, the Panama canal, the Suez canal, etc.         

E.gThe Beijing-Hangzhou Grand canal is the longest canal in the world.

  • Polesthe North pole and the South pole          

E.g. The lowest temperature recorded at the North Pole is 68⁰C

  • Republicsthe Czech Republic, the Republic of Cuba, the Congo, etc.            

E.gThe Republic of Vannuatu is the happiest country in the world.

  • Continentsthe Arctic and the Antarctic, etc.        

E.gThe Antarctic is the coldest continent in the world.

  • Groups of mountainsthe Rocky mountains, the Caucasus, the Carpathians, etc.            

E.g. The Himalayas are the highest mountains in the world.

  • Oceansthe Pacific, the Indian, the Atlantic and the Arctic   

E.gThe Indian Ocean is the warmest ocean in the world.

  • Waterfalls: the Victoria falls, the Niagara falls, etc.  

E.gThe Angel Falls in Venezeula is the tallest waterfall in the world.

  • Desertsthe Sahara, the Gobi, the Kara Kum, etc.              

E.g. The Lut Desert in Iran is the hottest in Iran is the hottest desert in the world.

Definite Article THE | Image

article THE in Geographical Names