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Step-By-Step Guide to Essay Writing

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Writing an essay can be an overwhelming task, especially if you are not familiar with the process. However, with a clear and detailed step-by-step guide, the task can become manageable and even enjoyable. This guide will take you through the essay writing process, from the initial planning and research stages to the final proofreading and editing.

It will provide tips and strategies for organizing your thoughts, constructing a clear and logical argument, and effectively presenting your ideas in written form. Whether you are a student, professional or just someone looking to improve their writing skills, this guide will help you to write clear, concise and well-structured essays every time.

Step-By-Step Guide to Essay Writing

Read the essay question carefully

  • Highlight keywords.
  • Use the dictionary to check the meaning of any unfamiliar words.
  • Identify the task words that indicate what needs to be done, eg “discuss”, “explain”, and “compare”.
  • Identify the topic words that indicate the particular subject of the essay, eg the character of “Juliet” in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, the “causes” of World War 1.
  • Identify any limiting words that restrict the discussion to a particular area, eg in “Chapters 1-3”, during the “nineteenth century”.

Finish any necessary reading or research as background to the essay

  • Be selective: use sources that are relevant and accessible.
  • Write notes in your own words.
  • Write down quotations that may be particularly useful, but ensure the source of these quotes is acknowledged if they’re used.
  • Take note of sources so they can be provided in the footnotes and the bibliography.

Brainstorm ideas in response to the question

  • Jot down any relevant points.
  • Make note of any relevant evidence or quotes that come to mind.
  • Use a mind map to help stimulate lateral thinking.

Step-By-Step Guide to Essay Writing


Step-By-Step Guide to Essay Writing

Develop a thesis (idea/argument) that encapsulates the response to the question

  • The thesis should be a statement that strongly expresses the overall response to the question.
  • Avoid a thesis that’s too simplistic – show thought has been put into some of the complexities behind the question.
  • The thesis is the backbone of the essay – it will be stated in the introduction. It also needs to be referred to several times in the essay before restating it and demonstrating how it has been proven in the conclusion.

Write a plan for the response

  • Order ideas in a logical sequence.
  • Make sure every point in the plan is relevant to the question.
  • After the plan has been written it should be clear where the essay is going.

Write the introduction

  • Open up the discussion.
  • Introduce the thesis.
  • Indicate how the questions will be answered.
  • Name any texts to be discussed, if appropriate.
  • Engage the reader.

Step-By-Step Guide to Essay Writing 1

Write the main body of the essay

  • Ensure each point is given a new paragraph.
  • Use words or phrases at the start of each paragraph that will indicate to the reader how it relates to the previous paragraph, eg, “however”, “in addition”, “nevertheless”, and “moreover”.
  • Start each paragraph with a topic sentence that clearly links the paragraph to the rest of the essay, eg “A striking example of Gary Crew’s use of light and darkness imagery to suggest notions of knowledge and ignorance occurs in the scene on the jetty”.
  • Provide supporting evidence for each point that you make.
  • Revisit the thesis, and express it in different ways if possible, to emphasize how the question is being addressed.

Step-By-Step Guide to Essay Writing 2

Step-By-Step Guide to Essay Writing 3

Write the essay’s conclusion

  • Summarise the main ideas.
  • Demonstrate how you have proven your thesis.
  • Finish with an interesting or thought-provoking, but relevant, comment.

Edit the draft

  • Check for spelling, punctuation, and grammar.
  • Delete any sections that are not particularly relevant.
  • Change vocabulary to improve expression.
  • Seek feedback from peers or a teacher before writing the final copy.

Write the final copy

  • Add any footnotes or bibliography if required.
  • Present a clean, neat copy.


Step-By-Step Guide to Essay Writing 4

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Step-By-Step Guide to Essay Writing 5

Top 5 Tips for Writing a Good Essay

Step-By-Step Guide to Essay Writing 6

Some Tips to Write “For and Against” Essay

Step-By-Step Guide to Essay Writing 7


Thursday 25th of November 2021

thank u so much......this is really helpful.....


Monday 12th of April 2021



Monday 26th of October 2020

Hey everybody

Omar Martínez

Friday 14th of February 2020

I found this article extremely useful. thanks for sharing these ideas for those who are fighting to improve their writing skills.


Wednesday 13th of February 2019

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