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Vegetables Vocabulary in English

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A vegetable is any eatable part of a plant that does not have seeds. Let’s learn vegetables vocabulary in English.

Vegetables Vocabulary in English

Based on edible botanical parts, vegetables can be classified as:

  1. Root Vegetables
  2. Onion Family
  3. Leafy Vegetables
  4. Squash
  5. Peas & Beans

Vegetables Vocabulary in English 1

Root Vegetables

Root vegetables are plant roots eaten by humans as food.

This is list of root vegetables in English:

  • Potatoes
  • Sweet Potatoes
  • Cassava
  • Carrot
  • Beet
  • Parsnip
  • Rutabaga

Onion Family

Onion Family includes hundreds of species, including the cultivated onion, garlic, scallion, shallot, leek, and chives.

Leafy Vegetables

Leaf vegetables, also called potherbs, greens, vegetable greens, leafy greens, or salad greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots. Although they come from a very wide variety of plants, most share a great deal with other leaf vegetables in nutrition and cooking methods.

This is a list of vegetables which are grown or harvested primarily for the consumption of their leafy parts, either raw or cooked.

  • Kale
  • Spinach
  • Mache
  • Chard
  • Arugular
  • Tat Soi
  • Mizuna
  • Romaine

Vegetables Vocabulary in English 2


Squashes are a kind of vegetable. They originally came from the New World. Gourds are in the same family as squashes. Pumpkins and courgette are types of squashes.

Peas & Beans

Bean is a common name for large seeds of several genera of the flowering plant family Fabaceae which are used for human food.

Pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum. Each pod contains several peas.

There are a multitude of beans. This list of beans has been edited to ones that most people have a reasonable chance of acquiring provided they have access to a specialty food store.

  • Butter Beans
  • Chickpeas
  • Kidney Beans
  • Pigeon Pea
  • Pink Beans
  • Pinto Beans
  • Corona Beans
  • Fava Beans

Vegetables Vocabulary in English 3

This is list of vegetables you need to know.

  • Mushroom – one of several kinds of fungus with stems and round tops, some of which can be eaten
  • Broccoli – a green vegetable that has short branch-like stems
  • Cucumber – a long thin round vegetable with a dark green skin and a light green inside, usually eaten raw
  • Carrot – long pointed orange vegetable that grows under the ground
  • Tomato – a round soft red fruit eaten raw or cooked as a vegetable
  • Potato – a round white vegetable with a brown, red, or pale yellow skin, that grows under the ground
  • Radish – a small vegetable whose red or white root is eaten raw and has a strong spicy taste
  • Turnip – a large round pale yellow vegetable that grows under the ground, or the plant that produces it
  • Eggplant – a large vegetable with smooth purple skin
  • Spinach – a vegetable with large dark green leaves
  • Pea – a round green seed that is cooked and eaten as a vegetable, or the plant on which these seeds grow
  • Cabbage – large round vegetable with thick green or purple leaves
  • Pumpkin – very large orange fruit that grows on the ground, or the inside of this fruit
  • Lettuce – a round vegetable with thin green leaves eaten raw in salads

ketsuda Dechakambhu

Monday 19th of April 2021

Thanks so much

Capt SS Bhatnagar

Monday 18th of January 2021

Very nice to know about vegetables.

Anurag Dubey

Monday 17th of August 2020


Wednesday 22nd of July 2020

Love the pictures. It is lovely. It would be nice if you had the same pictures with captions in other languages. I teach Spanish and study portuguese and french currently.

Mijo Norsic

Thursday 4th of June 2020